Tuesday, 8 September 2015

Basara Saraswathi Ammavari Stala Puranam

Basara, is a famous temple for  Goddess Saraswathi(Goddesses of Learning), is a village situated on the banks of river Godavari. It is one among the two oldest temples dedicated to Goddess Saraswathi in India (the other is in Jammu&Kashmir). Saraswathi Devi is regarded as "Gnana Dayini", the one who bestows knowledge and wisdom. The temple at Basar is also the abode of Goddess Lakshmi and Kali, but the presiding deity is 'Gnana Saraswathi Devi. Saraswathi is the Hindu Goddess of knowledge and learning.
Children are brought here for the ceremony of Akshara puja to start their education with the blessings of the Goddess of Knowledge.The Vedavathi Sila, the Ashtateertha are other places of interest around Basar. Thousands of devotees bath in the river Godavari & seek the blessings of the Goddess during the Mahashivarathri, Dassera navratris and Vasantha panchami.

             Basara Temple is situated 200 Kms from Hyderabad,A.p. Sri Gnana Saraswathi temple at Basara on the banks of river Godhavari is the only template in South India dedicated to the Goddess of learning.On the way to Basara,You can halt at some places like a rock garden lush with greenery on the jankampet tank bund,now known as Asok Sagar.This is a new attraction along with water boating in the serene water of the tank and lake-side restaurant that are provided for tourists.

             After the Mahabharata war, sage Veda Vyasa embarked on a pilgrimage in search of peace. He reached the serene Kumaranchala hills on the banks of river Godavari and meditated and propitiated the Goddess who eventually appeared before him and granted her presence in the form of the divine trinity. The Goddess ordered the sage to bring daily three handfuls of sand after a bath in Godavari and kept it at a place, which transformed as the images of Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kali.
             How ever, according to Brahmandapuranam, Adikavi Valmiki installed Saraswati and wrote Ramayana here. There is a marble image of Valmiki and his samadhi near the temple. It is believed that this temple is one of the three temples constructed near the confluence of Manjira and Godavari rivers by Ashtrakutas. According to another of thought ‘Bijialudu’ a Karnataka king, who ruled the province of Nandagiri with Nanded as his capital in the sixth century, constructed the temple at Basara. The image of Lakshmi stands besides Goddess Saraswati in the sanctum sanctorum. Due to the presence of Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kali.
           According to the legend Maharishi vyasa and his disciples and sage Suka decided to settle down in a cool and serene atmosphere after the kurukshetra war. In the quest for the peaceful abode, he came to Dandaka forest and pleased with serenity of the region selected this place. After his ablutions in the river Godavari Maharishi Vyasa used to bring three fistful of sand and place it in three small heaps and made images Sarada, Laxmi, Gowri with his mystic power and later conducted . This idol made of sand has its face smeared with turmeric. Eating a little bit of this turmeric paste, it is believed, will enhance one’s wisdom and knowledge. Special poojas and celebrations are held at the temple during Maha Sivarathri, beginning 15 days before (Vasantha Panchami) and continuing 3 days after the festival. Devi Navarathrulu is celebrated for ten days during Dasara. Since Maharishi Vyasa spent considerable time in prayers, the place was then called “Vasara” and turned into Basara due to the influence of the language in the region.