Sunday, 22 November 2015

Panchang or Panchagam and Its Content


The Panchang

Panchang or Panchangam is an ancient Vedic calendar in a tabulated form that helps to plan for travel, work, money, love, etc, well in advance. It is simply an Indian Vedic almanac. It has evolved for the past 5000 years or so. The theories found in the two scriptures namely , Surya Siddhanta and Grahalaghava form the basis for the panchang. In English Panchang is termed as Ephemeris.

Panchang published is the most accurate one on the net with calculations based on Indian Astrological Computations. You can get to know the panchang of the current day as well as the past and the future days. This panchang has been calculated for Indian standard time and works for Chennai, 5:30 AM timing.
The word Panchang is derived from “Panch” meaning five and “ang” meaning aspect. Panchang gives you the auspicious and inauspicious timings of any day. It gives the Day, the Tithi, the Nakshtra, the Yoga, and the Karana of the Day. Hence the name Panchang.

The calculations for the panchang are based on the position of the various planets and constellations. In short it is a ready reckoner to find out if any day is suitable for activities like getting married, going on a trip, entering a new house, starting something new, etc. You need not totally rely on an Astrologer if you are well versed with the panchang.


The Vara or Days
A group of seven days is called vara or week. The days are named after the planets excluding Rahu and Ketu. Days change at sunrise. The Days in a Lunar year are as follows:
Lunar DayEnglish NameRuling Planet
SomvarMondayMoon
MangalvarTuesdayMars
BudhvarWednesdayMercury
GuruvarThursdayJupiter
ShukravarFridayVenus
ShanivarSaturdaySaturn
RavivarSundaySun














Tithi
The angular relationship between Sun and Moon is known as Tithi. One Tithi equals 12 degree difference between Moon and Sun.. In all there are 30 tithis. In fact, there are sixteen tithis in a month. The fourteen in each half go on changing throughout the month. The reigning tithi at sun rise should be taken as the tithi of the day. Every tithi has its own ruling deity as well.
NoTithis
1Pratipad
2Dwitiya
3Tritiya
4Chaturthi
5Panchami
6Shashti
7Saptami
8Ashtami
9Navami
10Dashami
11Ekadashi
12Dwadashi
13Trayodashi
14Chaturdashi
15Pournami
16Amavasya



























Nakshatra
Nakshatra refers to the stellar mansion in which Moon is located. One Nakshatra equals 13 degrees and 20 minutes. There are 27 Nakshatra in 360 degrees.
NoNakshatraLords
1AswiniKetu
2BharaniVenus
3KritikaSun
4RohiniMoon
5MrigasiraMars
6AridraRahu
7PunarvasuJupiter
8PushyaSaturn
9AsleshaMercury
10MaghaKetu
11PoorvaphalguniVenus
12UttaraphalguniSun
13HastaMoon
14ChitraMars
15SwatiRahu
16VisakhaJupiter
17AnuradhaSaturn
18JyehstaMercury
19MoolaKetu
20PoorvashadhaVenus
21UttarashadhaSun
22SravanaMoon
23DhanshitaMars
24SatabishaRahu
25PoorvabhadrapadaJupiter
26UttarabhadrapadaSaturn
27RevatiMercury













































Yoga
One Yoga equals 13 degrees and 20 minutes. There are 27 Yogas in 360 degrees. Yogas change every day. Yogas start with Vishkambha yoga and Vyateepata and Vaidhriti yogas have great importance.
YogaRuler
VishkambhaVishvedeva
PreetiMaruth
AyushmanHiranyagarbha
SoubhagyaDurga
ShobhanaPrithvi
AthigandaAditi
SukarmaSurya
DhrutiRatri
ShoolaIndra
GandaMaruth
VridhiRatri
DhruvaAgni
VyaghataHari
HarshanaIndra
VajraHiranyagarbha
SiddhiVayu
VyateepaataAgni
PareeyanHari
ParighaIndra
ShivaIndra
SiddhaHiranyagarbha
SadhyaVayu
ShubhaPavamana Soma
ShuklaPrithvi
BrahmaIndra
EndraVishedeva
VaidritiMaruth












































Karana
Karana is half of a Tithi. One Karana equals 6 degree difference between Moon and Sun.Karanas are eighteen in total. The first seven are called as Sthira Karanas and the last four are called as Chara Karanas.
The chara karanas begin on the second half the brighter side of the moon and continue to rule till the fourteenth day of the darker of the moon and recur regularly.
Sthira KaranasChara Karanas
BhavaShakuni
BalavaCatushpada
KaulavaNagavan
ThrishilaKimsthugna
Gara
Vanija
Bhadra















Uses of Panchang
  • Any work done on the right day of the week shall bring longevity for the native.
  • Anything started on the right tithi will bring prosperity
  • Something done with a favourable star shall ward off all evils
  • A good yoga shall cure all diseases
  • Any venture done during beneficial karana shall remove all obstacles en-route.